Applications and Uses of Spectroradiometers

About Spectroradiometers

Spectral (i.e., wavelength-dependent) radiation is intensity of output from a radiation source (e.g., sun, electric lamp, reflected radiation from a surface of interest) as a function of wavelength. Radiation spectra vary for different radiation sources and conditions. Radiation spectra can be used to characterize radiation sources.

Spectrometers measure relative spectral radiation over a specified wavelength range. Spectroradiometers are spectrometers calibrated to output spectral measurements in absolute units (e.g., energy flux density in W m-2 nm-1 or photon flux density in µmol m-2 s-1 nm-1 ).

Apogee instruments offers two types of spectroradiometers, the Lab Spectroradiometer and the Field Spectroradiometer. The Lab Spectroradiometer is available in three wavelength ranges from 300 to 1000 nm, and is designed for laboratory and portable measurements. The Field Spectroradiometer is available in two wavelength ranges from 340 to 1100 nm, and is designed for field measurements as well as laboratory measurements.

Typical Applications

Measurement of spectral output (energy flux density, photon flux density, or illuminance) of different radiation sources (often for plant or human lighting), and reflectance and transmittance measurements of natural and synthetic surfaces and materials (often plant leaves and canopies).

Lefsrud, M.G., Kopsell, D.A., Sams, C.E. | HortScience
Chen, M., M. Ni | Plant Physiology
Engelen-Eigles, Gerard, Greg Holden, Jerry D. Cohen, Gary Gardner | Journal of Agricultural an Food Chemistry
Folta, K.M. | Plant Physiology
Gardner, Gary, Chentao Lin, Elaine M. Tobin, Heather Loehrer, Doug Brinkman | Plant, Cell, and Environment
Larsen, H., F. Westad, O. Sorheim, L.H. Nielsen | Journal of Food Science
Ollinger, S.V. | New Phytologist
White, J.W., Andrade-Sanchez, P., Gore, M.A., Bronson, .F., Coffelt, T.A., Conley, M.M.,...& Jenks, M.A. | Field Crops Research
Ritchie, G.L., Sullivan, D.G., Perry, C.D., Hook, J.E., Bednarz, C.W. | American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers
Currey, C.J., Lopez, R.G. | HortScience
Randall, C.W., R.G. Lopez | HortScience
Justen, V.L., J.D. Cohen, G. Gardner, V.A. Fritz | HortScience
Zhen, S., M.W. van Iersel | Journal of Plant Physiology
Reflectance Measurements in Cotton Fields
Estimating defoliation of cotton using reflectance data.
Output of LED and Traditional Lamps
PS-100 used to examine the output of several LED lamps and traditional lamps.
Solar Irradiance

All spectroradiometer models are capable of measuring the photon flux and energy flux across the reported wavebands. The figure at the right shows the difference between photon flux and energy flux.


The transmission spectra below reveal the different pigmentation in two leaf samples. Both leaves came from Norway Maple cultivars, one a dark red variety and the other bright green.