Case Studies

Featured Case Study:
Arctic Tundra Study
Evapotranspiration Rates in the Arctic Tundra
Apogee Instruments’ SI-111 is used to assist in researching how evapotranspiration rates vary in the Arctic tundra.
Aspirated Radiation Shield
Orange-colored sunset over Los Angeles
Monitoring the Urban Heat Island Effect
Apogee’s aspirated radiation shields and thermistor temperature sensors are used to study the urban heat island effect and how pre-established solutions work to mitigate increasing temperature.
Central Appalachian Summit Mesonet
Central Appalachian Summit Mesonet
Apogee Instruments' TS-100 Fan Aspirated Radiation Shield is used in eight remote-access, solar powered weather stations that stream real-time weather data.
Tasmania: Ecological Research
Tasmania: Ecological Research
Eight TS-100 shields used to provide air temperature measurements to monitor long-term ecological health dynamics within wet eucalyptus forest at the Warra long-term ecological research site (LTER).
TS-100 at Utah State University
TS-100 at Utah State University
The USU weather station uses both an aspirated and static shield to monitor air temperature. A real-time graph on the site shows errors that occur when using static shields.
TS-100 at Peter Sinks
TS-100 at Peter Sinks
TS-100 used on a weather station at a record-setting cold location-Peter Sinks, Utah.
Chlorophyll Concentration Meters
Tomatoes grown with aquaponics
Basil Performance Evaluation in Aquaponics
An Apogee chlorophyll concentration meter is used to study aquaponic growth of basil in tropical locations.
An Apogee spectroradiometer (PS-300) is used in a study
Far-red Photons on Photosynthesis in Lettuce Canopies
Apogee Instruments’ SS-110, MC-100, and PS-300 are used to study how adding far-red photons affects carbon dioxide and photon absorption in plant canopies.
Estimating Chlorophyll with NDVI
Estimating Chlorophyll with NDVI
Estimating leaf chlorophyll content of Buffaloberry using Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) sensors.
Fertiliziing Pot Grown Crops
Fertilizing Pot Grown Crops
Researching the dynamics of nitrogen availability in pot grown crops with organic fertilization
Infrared Radiometers
Irrigated field
Crop Water Stress Index Baselines for Corn and Soybeans
Apogee Instruments’ pyranometers and infrared radiometers are used to determine crop water stress index baselines for corn and soybeans.
Scientist taking algae samples
Biodiesel from Microorganisms: Engine Performance and Exhaust Emissions
Apogee Instruments’ ST-100 and SI-121 are used to study how biodiesel produced from microalgae, yeast, and bacteria compares to plant-based biodiesel and petroleum-derived diesel fuel.
Arctic Tundra study
Evapotranspiration Rates in the Arctic Tundra
Apogee Instruments’ SI-111 is used to assist in researching how evapotranspiration rates vary in the Arctic tundra.
Irrigation Study
Day vs Night Watering in Urban Irrigation Setting
Apogee Instruments' Net Radiometers and Infrared Radiometers are used to test urban crop irrigation in Utah.
Reducing Japanese Beetle in Red Raspberry
Reducing Japanese Beetle in Red Raspberry
Reducing Japanese beetle damage on raspberries with UV-blocking plastic.
Apogee in Space
Apogee in Space
Apogee Infrared Radiometers were recently used in the International Space Station's Advanced Plant Habitat (APH) project to measure the canopy temperature of dwarf Apogee wheat meant for use in space travel.
Robot Vineyard Monitoring with Apogee Infrared Radiometer
Autonomous Vineyard Monitoring Robot
Autonomous vineyard monitoring robots use an Apogee SI-411 to generate temperature maps of the plants in real time.
Crop Yield and Temperature (USDA-ARS)
Crop Yield and Temperature (USDA-ARS)
MI-2H0 infrared radiometer is used by breeders and physiologists as they continue to seek phenotypic and genetic markers that are easy to measure and help predict yield.
High Throughput Field Phenotyping Multi-sensor System
High Throughput Field Phenotyping Multi-sensor System
Infrared radiometer measures canopy temperature on a multi-sensor system for high throughput field phenotyping in soybean and wheat breeding.
Weather Information Service Engine Project (WISE)
Weather Information Service Engine Project (WISE)
SI-111 Infrared Radiometers measure building surface temperature as part of Weather Information Service Engine (WISE) Project.
Temperature Free-Air Controlled Enhancement T-FACE
Temperature Free-Air Controlled Enhancement T-FACE
Simulating warmer conditions by applying a heat treatment to open-field plant canopies. Infrared radiometers provide the data and control the heated plot temperatures.
Hydrology
Hydrology
Measuring ground surface temperature to measure snow runoff.
Forecasting Ice Formations
Forecasting Ice Formations
Forecasting ice formation on road surfaces using infrared radiometers on a mobile system.
Colombia Rose Fungus Study
Colombia Rose Fungus Study
Studying conditions that cause fungus growth on roses.
Aridea Solutions Fever Screening Kit
Aridea Solutions Fever Screening Kit
Apogee Instruments' Infrared Radiometers are used for fever screening during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Oklahoma Mesonet
Oklahoma Mesonet
Measuring the temperature of the interface between the earth's surface and its atmosphere on automated meteorological networks spaced evenly across Oklahoma.
Leaf and Bud Temperature Sensors
Artificial Frost Formation on Tea
Artificial Frost Formation on Tea
Apogee Instruments' SF-110-SS Leaf and Bud Temperature sensors assist researchers developing an artificial radiation frost chamber to study frost formation on tea plants.
Fruit Grower Network of Radiation Frost Monitoring
Fruit Grower Network of Radiation Frost Monitoring
Apogee Instruments' SF-110-SS Leaf and Bud Temperature sensors assist orchardists to monitor radiation frost events.
Net Radiometers
Dr. Bruce Bugbee inspecting Cannabis with an Apogee MQ-500
Increasing Cannabis Economic Yield through Lighting
Four different Apogee Instruments products, ST-100, MQ-500, PS-300, and SN-500-SS, are used in researching how to increase Cannabis economic yield with lighting.
Irrigation Study
Day vs Night Watering in Urban Irrigation Setting
Apogee Instruments' Net Radiometers and Infrared Radiometers are used to test urban crop irrigation in Utah.
Mount Everest
Going to Extremes on Mount Everest
Installing the world's highest weather stations on Mount Everest
Bonneville Salt Flats
Bonneville Salt Flats
Apogee Instruments' SN-500 Net Radiometer is used for a multidisciplinary study at the Bonneville Salt Flats.
Avalanche Forecasting in Alaska
Avalanche Forecasting in Alaska
SN-500 net radiometers used at remote locations for energy balance data in SWISS snowpack forecasting.
Oxygen Sensors
Six galvanic-cell oxygen probes attached to the lid of one-Liter canning jars
A System for Quantifying Biological Oxygen Demand
Apogee Instruments’ SO-110 and AO-003 are used to research changes in respiration in a closed system, as well as best practices for future studies.
Drough Effect on Soil Oxygen
Drought Effect on Soil Oxygen
SO-110 oxgyen sensor is used to help characterize soil responses to severe drought.
Soil Oxygen Concentration
Soil Oxygen Concentration
Quasi-continuous measurements of bulk soil oxygen concentration in managed and natural ecosystems.
Photometric Sensors
Light Box Experiments
Light Box Experiments
Apogee sensors protecting Van Gogh's masterpieces.
Pyranometers
Irrigated field
Crop Water Stress Index Baselines for Corn and Soybeans
Apogee Instruments’ pyranometers and infrared radiometers are used to determine crop water stress index baselines for corn and soybeans.
Cooling Without Air Conditioning
Cooling Without Air Conditioning
Creating the first known radiant cooling system the leaves people comfortable in the hot and humid tropics without condensing water.
Google's Project Loon
Google's Project Loon
Apogee's SP-230 heated pyranometer was selected to monitor PV panels on Project Loon.
Monitoring PV Panels on Jin Jeop Library
Monitoring PV Panels on Jin Jeop Library
SP-110's are integrated as part of a PV monitoring system for a PV power generation facility on the roof of the Jin Jeop library in Korea.
Solar Power Plants on Lakes and Dams
Solar Power Plants on Lakes and Dams
Studying solar radiation at different angles to determine locations for solar power plants.
Irrigation Study
Irrigation Study
Pyranometer mounted on model train to collect measurements in orchard for irrigation study.
Quantum Sensors
Seagrass in ocean
Studying Staminate Flowers of Seagrass in an Aquarium
An Apogee full-spectrum quantum PAR sensor is utilized in studying male seagrass flowers in a research aquarium in Singapore.
Dr. Bruce Bugbee inspecting Cannabis with an Apogee MQ-500
Increasing Cannabis Economic Yield through Lighting
Four different Apogee Instruments products, ST-100, MQ-500, PS-300, and SN-500-SS, are used in researching how to increase Cannabis economic yield with lighting.
SITES AquaNET
SITES AquaNET
Creating an open infrastructure for mesocosm experiments with high frequency sensor monitoring across lakes.
Modelling Algal Species in Kuwait with MQ-510
Modelling Algal Species in Kuwait
The Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research uses Apogees' MQ-510 underwater full-spectrum quantum meter to help model algal species. Here is a description Dr. Yousef Alosairi, Research Scientist in the field of numerical modeling of coastal processes, provided about their work:
Cornell Controlled Environmental Agriculture Light Research using the SQ-520
Cornell Controlled Environmental Agriculture Light Research
Apogee Instruments' SQ-520 Full-Spectrum Quantum Sensor is helping Cornell University conduct research on growing vegetables in greenhouses using electric lighting.
RSMAS Coral Acidification Study with the MQ-510
RSMAS Coral Acidification Study
Miami's Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science (RSMAS) is using Apogees' MQ-510 underwater full-spectrum quantum meter to help study coral acidification. Here is a description Sara Swaminathan provided about their work:
Tivoli Gardens
Tivoli Gardens Study
Using Apogee underwater quantum meters to measure light levels in the Tivoli Gardens aquarium exhibition.
PAR Measurements Characterize Tree Coverages
PAR Measurements Characterize Tree Coverages
Using line quantum meter to study the percent of PAR (under canopy/open sky) and its relation to survival and initial growth of native forest species.
Controlling Flowering of Orchids in Greenhouse
Controlling Flowering of Orchids in Greenhouse
Line quantum sensor used to measure PPFD and daily light integral, while experimenting with temperature to control flowering.
Spectroradiometers
Plants under blue and red light
Blue and Far-Red Light Affect Vegetative Growth and Pigmentation in Lettuce
Apogee temperature sensors and a field spectroradiometer were used to study the effects of blue and far-red photons on lettuce growth and pigmentation.
An Apogee spectroradiometer (PS-300) is used in a study
Far-red Photons on Photosynthesis in Lettuce Canopies
Apogee Instruments’ SS-110, MC-100, and PS-300 are used to study how adding far-red photons affects carbon dioxide and photon absorption in plant canopies.
Dr. Bruce Bugbee inspecting Cannabis with an Apogee MQ-500
Increasing Cannabis Economic Yield through Lighting
Four different Apogee Instruments products, ST-100, MQ-500, PS-300, and SN-500-SS, are used in researching how to increase Cannabis economic yield with lighting.
Reducing Japanese Beetle in Red Raspberry
Reducing Japanese Beetle in Red Raspberry
Reducing Japanese beetle damage on raspberries with UV-blocking plastic.
Supplemental Far-red Light Research of Foxglove Seedlings
Supplemental Far-red Light Research of Foxglove Seedlings
Determining the effect of far-red light on Foxglove Seedlings.
Reflectance Measurements in Cotton Fields
Reflectance Measurements in Cotton Fields
Estimating defoliation of cotton using reflectance data.
Output of LED and Tradiational Lamps
Output of LED and Traditional Lamps
PS-100 used to examine the output of several LED lamps and traditional lamps.
Temperature Sensors
Plants under blue and red light
Blue and Far-Red Light Affect Vegetative Growth and Pigmentation in Lettuce
Apogee temperature sensors and a field spectroradiometer were used to study the effects of blue and far-red photons on lettuce growth and pigmentation.
Scientist taking algae samples
Biodiesel from Microorganisms: Engine Performance and Exhaust Emissions
Apogee Instruments’ ST-100 and SI-121 are used to study how biodiesel produced from microalgae, yeast, and bacteria compares to plant-based biodiesel and petroleum-derived diesel fuel.
Dr. Bruce Bugbee inspecting Cannabis with an Apogee MQ-500
Increasing Cannabis Economic Yield through Lighting
Four different Apogee Instruments products, ST-100, MQ-500, PS-300, and SN-500-SS, are used in researching how to increase Cannabis economic yield with lighting.
Development of Petunia
Development of Petunia
Hastening the development of petunia under a lower air temperature with bench-top root-zone heating.