The Utah Climate Center and Utah State University Extension's Integrated Pest Management program use Apogee's SF-110-SS Leaf and Bud Temperature sensors to help orchardists monitor radiation frost events to prevent crop damage and save money by better timing the use of frost mitigation equipment. Here is a description Jobie Carlisle provided about their work:
We are using Apogee's simulated leaf and bud temperature sensors at weather stations in 23 orchards in Utah and Idaho (a summary of this network of stations follows). The stations are the Fruit Grower's Network of weather stations (FGNet) and Timing Resource and Alert for Pests Utility (Utah TRAPs). We use SF-110-SS sensors that were deployed around 2012. Orchards are predominantly apple, peach, and cherry trees. Historically orchardists used air temperature, wind speed, and forecasting to help them decide when to initiate frost mitigation measures - measures that can cost up to $15,000 per hour! Many of the fruit growers we work with find tree damage is greatest in the predawn hours when winds are calm and surface temperatures are lowest due to radiative loss. In an effort to quantify leaf and bud temperature during these times, we installed Apogee SF-110 leaf and bud temperature sensors.
After discussions with growers following damaging frosts, we realized that radiation frost data is not often considered because it is not well understood. When it is measured, the use of costly frost mitigation can be controlled more precisely saving crops and the cost of running turbines and gas burners before or after they are needed. Our aim is to educate growers on how to interpret and use this sensor to mitigate losses due to radiation frosts.
Fruit Grower's Network of weather stations (FGNet) and Timing Resource and Alert for Pests Utility (Utah TRAPs)
The Utah Climate Center and USU Extension's Integrated Pest Management program have partnered to provide climate based web utilities to assist orchardists to model insect, disease frost potentials, and to monitor drought stress within orchards. Weather data is collected from a network of 21 mission tailored weather stations located in orchards in 8 Utah counties (Cache, Box Elder, Weber, Davis, Utah, Washington, and Juab). Daily, hourly, and current conditions data as well as the web utilities are available to orchardists and the public on the Climate Center's website: http://climate.usu.edu/.
The web utility, Utah TRAPs (Timing Resource and Alert for Pest), includes pest management information primarily for tree fruit pests, including codling moth, peach twig borer, western cherry fruit fly, and fire blight. After selecting a geographic location, the pest of concern, and the current date, the user is then provided with a summary of the pest phenology (% moth flight and % egg hatch) as well as management options based on current degree day values (degree days are a unit of heat accumulation). For example, an apple grower in Orem who has had trouble with codling moth in the past can now use the site to determine the exact date that treatments should be applied. Several growers have commented that their fruit has never been "cleaner" due to the greater precision in treatment timing.
In addition to the pest and disease prediction tools, we have an alert system for frost and critical disease potential. Orchardists can choose to enroll for a cell text or email notification when conditions that require action are reached. Participants can customize an alert profile, selecting the weather stations to monitor, alert triggers, and the frequency and mode of the messaging. This is a free service.